Perennial Groundcover. More >>>. Missouri Botanical Garden. Hosted by the USGS Core Science Analytics and Synthesis. 29 Apr 1996. Cirsium edule. Presented here is summary information about the species Cirsium edule from the Global Compendium of Weeds, and citations of references to this species as a weed.Definitions of terms are available in the GCW introduction .For further information--or to report corrections or concerns--contact webmaster@hear.org. WSSA list of weeds in North America . Philos. Cirsium eriophorum is a BIENNIAL growing to 1.5 m (5ft). Cirsium edule. Cirsium sect. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone. The stems are variable, from very short up to over 6 feet tall. Cirsium edule var. IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Cirsium. Edible thistle (Cirsium edule): Biennial or short-lived perennial; Looks similar to the clustered thistle, but stems are more branched, and leaves are more strongly spiny; Flower head is very cobwebby and hangs on young plants; Flower tubes have styles that extend out 3-8 mm; Leaves are somewhat woolly on the underside, especially along the midrib Most species are considered weeds, typically by agricultural interests. This is a large genus of herbaceous plants native to Asia, Europe, and North America. Cirsium edule, the edible thistle or Indian thistle, is a species of thistle in the genus Cirsium, native to western North America from southeastern Alaska south through British Columbia to Washington and Oregon, and locally inland to Idaho. Seed - sow early spring or autumn in situ. Point of Contact: itiswebmaster@itis.gov. They are mostly native to Eurasia and northern Africa.There are about 60 species in North America (although many species have been naturalized outside their native ranges). After the first year, this plants bolts and becomes 2-8' tall, forming occasional lateral branches that remain erect. 3. The attributes of the genus Cirsium (plume thistles) are available at these links: FNA, USDA, Wikipedia.Distribution information is available from BONAP and The Vascular Plants of Iowa. 2. The Plants Database includes the following 95 species of Cirsium . Soft and sweet[161], they are considered to be a luxury food[257]. Vernacular names Bot. But, the reward is edible stalks, edible leaves trimmed of spines roots and unopened flower bud bottoms. Young stems - peeled and eaten raw[46, 61, 95, 105]. Hierarchical position of the Genus Cirsium. The seeds are 4-5 mm long, with a downy pappus which assists in wind dispersal. Published online. You can unsubscribe at anytime. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. It is in flower from August to September, and the seeds ripen from September to October. Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Published on the internet. Availability: Low Growing ease: Medium Moisture req. The seeds are attractive to small finches such as American goldfinch. [6], Edible thistle is used by Native Americans for its edible roots and young shoots. It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and source of materials. David Keil: Cirsium remotifolium (Hook.) The seeds are attractive to small finches such as American goldfinch. Join our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds and plants. Cirsium edule, or edible thistle, is joined in this image by a paintbrush (I think it is Castilleja hispida, or harsh paintbrush), a species of Lupinus and an unknown member of the aster family with white ray-flowers (perhaps Erigeron peregrinus, or wandering daisy). Published online. They are more precisely known as plume thistles. Thistles, in this case Cirsium horridulum (SIR-see-um hor-id-YOO-lum) are among the hardest to gather of wild foods, Black Walnuts probably being the worst. Discover (and save!) Plants can be self-pollinated or insect-pollinated, mainly by long-tongued bees. Cirsium edule det. The first year the plant is j… We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. Most species are considered weeds, typically by agricultural interests. Plants, Edible Trees, and is provided as a general reference source for parties! 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