)– a natural scientists, also called “father of botany” who covered most aspects of botany: descriptions of plants, classification, plant distribution, propagation, germination, and cultivation. Theophrastus (/ ˌ θ iː ə ˈ f r æ s t ə s /; Greek: Θεόφραστος Theόphrastos; c. 371 – c. 287 BC), a Greek native of Eresos in Lesbos (Λέσβος Lésvos), was the successor to Aristotle in the Peripatetic school.He came to Athens at a young age and initially studied in Plato's school.. On other writings, Theophrastus wrote at length on the elements of speech. Theophrastus of Eresus, Commentary Volume 5: Sources on Biology (Human Physiology, Living Creatures, Botany: Texts 328-435) (Leiden: Brill, 1994). By taking a look at them, we can see how he shaped the study of plant biology to come and why he is has been given the title the father of botany. 1. Andrea Cesalpino (1524/5-1603) studied botany at the University of Pisa as part of his medical training under Luca Ghini (1490-1556) and lectured in philosophy, medicine and botany in the university after qualification. Theophrastus richly deserved the title of father of botany. Rather, for historical reasons, they have made less of a direct contribution to scientific botany. He commenced his education on Lesbos, where his teacher Leucippus (or Alcippus) introduced him to the philosophy of Plato. Theophrastus deal with various cases of plant-animal interactions, covering virtually all aspects of the field. The latter work is of importance in modern […] Theophrastus (/ ˌ θ iː ə ˈ f r æ s t ə s /; Greek: Θεόφραστος Theόphrastos; c. 371 – c. 287 BC), a Greek native of Eresos in Lesbos, was the successor to Aristotle in the Peripatetic school.He came to Athens at a young age and initially studied in Plato's school.. Based on […] He Preface, Theophrastus was an Ancient Greek Philosopher who is credited and celebrated as “The Father of Botany” for his contributions in Plant study. ADVERTISEMENTS: List of four eminent botanists who contributed to artificial system of plant classification:- 1. "Theophrastus of Eresus. He was a student and close friend of Aristotle (384–322 BC) and succeeded him as head of the Lyceum (an educational establishment like a modern university) in Athens with its tradition of peripatetic philosophy. ADVERTISEMENTS: In this article we will discuss about the contribution of various botanists towards plant classification. 1. Life and Works Diogenes Laertius is our main source for Theophrastus’ life and works. Theophrastus of Eresus 372?-287? Sources for His Life, Writings, Thought and Influence (2 vols)" published on 09 Aug 2016 by Brill. As Pavord points out, Pliny the Elder (23–79) borrowed a great deal from Theophrastus … Little was added to his findings in the middle ages. Ibn al … and was a student of Aristotle, who bequeathed to Theophrastus his writings, and designated him as his successor at his School. Greek Scientist and Philosopher Theophrastus was a scientist and philosopher who made significant contributions to nearly every area of thought and science, and in particular the study of botany and ecology. While Theophrastus' work on botany remains fragmented, we know much about his thoughts and findings from his two surviving works. The idea of having one volume devoted to ethics and religion has been … Aristotle and Theophrastus The first recorded realization that plants need sustenance to survive, like animals, came from Aristotle around 350 B.C.E, however it was Aristotle's student, Theophrastus, who made a greater contribution to the discovery of photosynthesis. He became Foremost among the scholars studying botany was Theophrastus of Eressus (Greek: Θεόφραστος; c. 371–287 BC) who has been frequently referred to as the ”Father of Botany”. Plant Biology Test #3 Diversity What was Theophrastus’ contribution to botany 2,000 years ago? Theophrastus's Enquiry into Plants or Historia Plantarum (, Peri phyton historia) was, along with his mentor Aristotle's History of Animals, Pliny the Elder's Natural History and Dioscorides's De Materia Medica, one of the most important books of natural history written in ancient times, and like them it was influential in the Renaissance. Aristotle’s successor, Theophrastus from Lyceum wrote The History of Plants, a series on botany. Botanist # 1. Theophrastus (370-287 BC) 2. The botanical traditions of China , India, Meso-America, South America, and of indigenous peoples generally, around the world, are important sources of knowledge about plants and fungi that merit study in … Theophrastus (Greek: Θεόφραστος; c. 371 – c. 287 BC [1]), a Greek native of Eresos in Lesbos, was the successor to Aristotle in the Peripatetic school. Theophrastus (371 BC - 287 BC), ancient Greek scientist: father of botany. 2. v. p. 227 [] Only two of an estimated 200 botanical treatises written by him are known to science: originally written in Greek about 300 bce , they have survived in the form of Latin manuscripts, De causis plantarum and De historia plantarum . writings, and designated him as his successor at his School. Theophrastus of Eresus Pt. Theophrastus (Greek: Θεόφραστος; c. 371 – c. 287 BC [1]), a Greek native of Eresos in Lesbos, was the successor to Aristotle in the Peripatetic school. Respecting Theophrastus's treatment of botany in his two chief works, see J. G. Schneider, " de Auctoritate, Integritate, Argumento, Ordine, Methodo et Pretio Librorum, de Historia et Causis Plantarum" (Theophr. George Bentham (1800-1884) and Joseph Dalton Hooker’s (1817-1911) System. b.c. In Theophrastus treatise On Stones, he goes on to classify them based on their reaction to heat, on their hardnesses, and on their power of attraction. Sexual (or Artificial) System of Linnaeus: Carolus Linnaeus (1707-1778), a Swedish naturalist published a sexual system of classification in Hortus Uplandicus (1730) and elaborated it in his Genera Plantarum (1737). Theophrastus, De historia plantarum libri decem (Amsterdam, 1644), p. 814, Mentha. Aristotle's successor at the Lyceum, Theophrastus, wrote a series of books on botany that survived as the most important contribution of antiquity to the plant sciences, even into … In his time botany was a field unheard of. Opp. His general tendency was to strengthen the systematic unity of those subjects and to reduce the transcendental or Platonic elements of Aristotelianism as a whole. Theophrastus (Θεόφραστος Theόphrastos; c. 371 – c. 287 BC), a Greek native of Eresos in Lesbos,Gavin Hardy and Laurence Totelin, Ancient Botany, 2015, p. 8. John Ray (1627-1705) 3. This was the most important contribution of antiquity to botany. Theophrastus was one of the few Peripatetics who fully embraced Aristotle’s philosophy in all areas of metaphysics, physics, physiology, zoology, botany, ethics, politics, and history of culture. Theophrastus's work is significant, given that he was creating his classification without benefit of basic instruments, like a hand lens or microscope, or even a descriptive taxonomic language. “The botany of Theophrastus and the zoology of Aristotle represent the Theophrastus (about 300 B.C. Psychology, human physiology, living creatures, botany, ethics, religion, politics, rhetoric and poetics, music, miscellanea / ed. 2. Theophrastus was born in 370 B.C. Theophrastus was born in about 371 at Eresus (modern Eressos) on the Greek island of Lesbos. Their scientific Their scientific approach is notable, although the barriers to knowledge imposed by their era did not permit a significant contribution on issues In his Life of Theophrastus V. 36–38 (fr. Abu Hanifa ad-Dinawari (828 AD -896 AD) Persian-Muslim polymath, astronomer and botanist: founder of Arabic botany. Theophrastus (370-287 BC): He was a Greek naturalist and pupil of Plato and Aristotle. Carolus Linnaeus (1707-1778) 4. So he was the first and the greatest botanist until the renaissance. Theophrastus, a Greek philosopher who first studied with Plato and then became a disciple of Aristotle, is credited with founding botany. Diogenes Laertius mentions treatises by Aristotle on plants but it is clear that he concentrated more on animals, leaving an in-depth study of botany to his younger colleague, Theophrastus. 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