The smallest porcupine is the Bahia hair dwarf porcupine, which grows only 15 inches. The quills harden in two days. It grows up to 36 inches long. Porcupines are large rodents with defensive spines or quills on the body and tail. Key Facts & Information Physical Features. Fun Porcupine Facts for Kids ." 1-5 Interesting Facts About Porcupine 1. The spines can inflict nasty wounds. Porcupine quills are as sharp as needles, can be removed very easily, and will stay stuck in an attacker. Its long strands of brown hair looks soft, but thousands of quills are tucked inside. Web. If you were ever looking for an unusual piece of trivia, the porcupine … A porcupine’s quills say, “Don’t mess with me!”. A porcupette has soft quills made of hardened hair. < https://easyscienceforkids.com/all-about-porcupines/ >. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Hedgehog facts for kids: learn all about these adorable mammals, with facts about the hedgehog’s habitat, diet, defence mechanisms, size and behaviour. Some live in trees, others stay on the ground. Within a few hours after birth a baby porcupines quills harden. There are some that have white on them as well. Porcupines have poor vision but have an acute sense of smell. The offender would do well to retreat, for the quills detach easily from the porcupine and can become painfully embedded in the enemy’s skin. It is an interest-ing animal that has an important place in the environment. We upload videos every #WildlifeWednesday, so tune in! Porcupine Facts. Its flat feet and sharp, rounded … Porcupines are very fond of salt licks and sometimes wander into human settlements to find salt sources. Sometimes they even sneak into campgrounds to chew on canoe paddles or other wooden items. A video about the porcupine’s quill and self defense mechanism. Their quills are very sharp and they will not use them by shooting them towards any location as the people think. Kids are fascinated by the mechanics of the quills and how the porcupine uses them for its protection from predators. Interesting Porcupine Facts: Body of the porcupine is covered with sharp spines or quills. Information about porcupines from the DK Find Out website for kids. Porcupines generally live in family grou… Also known as blowfish, these clumsy swimmers fill their elastic stomachs with huge amounts of water (and sometimes air) and blow themselves up to several times their normal size. The longest quills are found on their back and behind, while the shortest ones are on their face. Easy Science for Kids. Quills are about 75 mm long and 2 mm wide. They have curved claws and powerful curved feet to grasp and climb. Some content of the original page may have been edited to make it more suitable for younger readers, unless otherwise noted. Here's the truth: the quills are made of keratin like your hair and fingernails. On average, a porcupine has 30,000 quills. Some quills are 12 inches long. New quills grow to replace lost ones. Porcupine babies have soft quills. This page was last changed on 23 October 2020, at 19:01. Porcupines can't shoot out their quills, but they will be easily released when predators get it touch with animal. The habits of most species are strictly terrestrial. Porcupines in search of salt sometimes live in human places, eating plywood cured with sodium nitrate,[5] certain paints, and tool handles, footwear, clothes and other items that have been coated in salty sweat. The Porcupine. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Question: Can porcupines shoot their quills? The name "porcupine" comes from Middle French porc d'épine "thorny pork", hence the nickname "quill pig" for the animal. They can weigh from 4.5 to 13 kg (10 to 28 pounds). The porcupine is acclaimed as a beau-tiful creature of nature. Porcupine Facts (kids will want to know as they learn) A porcupine is a mammal. This simple craft is a great preschool porcupine craft as well and a fun way for kids to learn about porcupines and their spiky bodies. ... Porcupine quills can grow up to 14in (35cm) long, and porcupines may have 30,000 of them covering their bodies. Porcupines are the thi largest rodents in the world, and the second largest in North America. Porcupines are rodents with sharp spines called quills. Roughly 30,000 quills cover the whole body except for the stomach, nose and bottom of their feet. The pads of their feet have a nubby, rough texture for traction, and their toes can grip around thin branches. Porcupines like going near roads in areas where rock salt is used to melt ice and snow, and are known to gnaw on vehicle tires or wiring coated in road salt. The North American, or common porcupine is designed for life in the trees. And, it works on fine motor skills with having to glue small items in a row. Porcupines can live a long time. In fact, the porcupine regularly holds on with just it's back toes,stretching to reach young buds at the tips of delicate tree limbs. It is edible and has been used by humans as an emergency food. Quills can still penetrate animals and humans even after death. NatureMapping Animal Facts for Kids Porcupine. The porcupine is the third biggest rodent, after the capybara, and beaver, and are not to be confused with hedgehogs. The 300,000 quills that cover a North American porcupine's body are its best defense—but not the way you may think! Porcupines are not territorial animals, however, their home range can be as large as 200 acres. You may cut-and-paste the below MLA and APA citation examples: Declan, Tobin. " This protects the mother from injury as she gives birth.[1]. The quills stand up when a porcupine feels threatened and detach easily when touched. Porcupines come in various shades of brown, grey, and the unusual white. Some quills are 12 inches long.Read on for more all about porcupines. Porcupines are lumbering, rotund rodents with needle-like spikes, called quills, covering their back, sides, and tail. In researching porcupines further for this project, I came across some fun facts about porcupines. Long black and brown guard hairs and quills cover its body. GlobalP / Getty Images. Improve your knowledge on baby porcupines and learn interesting facts with DK Find Out. Many people believe that porcupines can shoot their quills, but this is not true. 23 Dec 2020. Despite being a solitary forager, they live in small family groups consisting of an adult pair with their young. The North African crested porcupine is monogamous. Some species also have spines on their skin to ward off predators. PicFacts(1-500) PicFacts(501-1000) PicFacts(1001-1500) PicFacts(1501-2000) The quills are barbed so they stick into an animal’s skin. The teeth of the porcupine fish form a plate in … For lengthy info click here. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'easyscienceforkids_com-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_8',801,'0','0'])); Enjoyed the Easy Science for Kids Website all about Porcupines info? The impact may shake nu… Porcupine In Madison Range | Photo: D. Lennon. An adult porcupine is about 50 cm long (20 inches), not counting the tail. The smallest porcupine is the Bahia hair dwarf porcupine, which grows only 15 inches. Answer: The African crested porcupine is the largest porcupine. A porcupine is a rodent with a coat of sharp spines, or quills, that defend them from predators.The porcupine is the third biggest rodent, after the capybara, and beaver, and are not to be confused with hedgehogs.Most porcupines are about 60–90 cm long, with a 20–25 cm long tail. The Porcupine looks most like a prickly beaver! There are 29 different species of porcupine found in their native habitats around the world. Porcupine Facts & Trivia for kids Porcupines do not shoot their quills. Porcupines have natural antibiotics in their skin and are the only mammals native to North America to have such p. PicFacts. Languages spoken: English and French, with some Indigenous languages Check out Bryce and Mallory chat with Daniel about the Porcupine Thanks for checking out our video. The North American porcupine is the only species that lives in the U.S. and Canada, and is the largest of all porcupines. If a quill becomes put in the tissues of an attacker, the barbs act to pull the quill farther into the tissues with the normal muscle movements of the attacker, moving up to many millimeters in a day. Even if a predator gobbles up a puffer before it inflates, it won't enjoy the snack. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({});Like beavers, porcupines live in woodlands and forests where they eat wood and bark. That’s bigger than your foot! Animals who try to eat porcupines have been known to die because of quill penetration and infection. They have large, rounded heads, and pale bodies that may be covered in brown or black spots. A porcupine lives in a den. Content is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. (2020). Tobin, Declan. Some porcupines have up to 30,000 quills on their body. The color of a Porcupine is to help them stay well camouflaged in their habitat. Normally, the quills lay down flat, but when a porcupine is scared, its quills stand up. The Latin word for porcupine means “quill pig.” Porcupines are covered with as many as 30,000 quills. Baby porcupines are born with soft quills, which is good for their mothers! Retrieved from https://easyscienceforkids.com/all-about-porcupines/, Copyright © 2020 All Rights Reserved EasyScienceforKids.com |. Females usually have only one litter per year, containing one or two or, occasionally three offspring. They will also gnaw at salt placed down to thaw ice on roads which can lead to death or injury through being knocked by motor vehicles. It grows up to 36 inches long. The quills are used for decora-tions, especially by Native Americans. When another animal attacks the porcupine, its quills detach, burrowing into the adversary’s flesh and inflicting painful, potentially deadly wounds. A porcupine is a rodent with a coat of sharp spines, or quills, that defend them from predators. hairs. Enjoyed the Easy Science for Kids Website all about Porcupines info? They are very vocal animals and make shrill screeches, whines and low grunts. It grows up to 36 inches long. The porcupine has a small face, small ears, short legs and a thick, small tail. They are herbivores. Unlike needles, however, the quills of New World porcupines have small, backwards-facing barbs on the tip that catch on the skin making them hard and painful to pull out. It has rather large eyes for the size of its body. Easy Science for Kids, Dec 2020. The porcupine is one of natures most interesting creatures. Share Flipboard Email Print The North American porcupine is a type of New World porcupine. Porcupines have big front teeth for chewing wood. Porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum) What they look like: The porcupine is a medium-sized rodent, that is related to mice, rats and beavers. A common myth is that porcupines can "shoot" their quills at a predator; but they can't. Porcupines are nocturnal animals. Natural sources of salt used by porcupines include different salt-rich plants (such as yellow water lily and aquatic liverwort), fresh animal bones, outer tree bark and mud in salt-rich soils.[6]. They have a large body that is round and they move at a very slow pace. Here are 8 Interesting Facts About Porcupine. Lost quills are replaced with new quills. The average life expectancy of a wild porcupine is 5 to 6 years, while their captive counterparts have been known to live up to 10 years. They live together sharing an elaborate burrow system, which they may remain in during winter, although they do not undergo true hibernation. Answer: No, porcupines can’t shoot their quills as previously believed. They are nocturnal. Pufferfish can inflate into a ball shape to evade predators. Porcupines are covered in quills all over their body except their belly, face, and feet. Porcupine species have some traits in common, the obvious one being the long, sharp quills that cover their bodies. It is this lust for tender greenery that finds porcupines tumbling from the tree tops on a surprisingly regular basis. Content of this web page is sourced from wikipedia ( http://simple.wikipedia.org). Porcupines will eat shed deer antlers. The quills are stiff hairs about 3 inches (7.5 centimeters) long that act as armor to protect the porcupine. (Contrary to common belief, the porcupine … Porcupine fish are slow swimmers. Easy Science for Kids Website all about Porcupines, download FREE Porcupines worksheet for kids, Famous American Inventors (Top ten and their Inventions), How To Build a Winogradsky Column and Learn About Soil Science. Take the FREE & fun Porcupines quiz and download FREE Porcupines worksheet for kids. They vary in size from the relatively small long–tailed porcupine with body lengths of 11 to 18.9 inches, and a weight of 3.3 to 5.1 lb, to the much larger crested porcupines, which are 24 to 33 inches long, discounting the tail, and weigh from 29 to 60 lb. Mammals Amphibians Birds Habitat Profiles Reptiles Insects Marine Life Forestry Dinosaurs Evolution View More. Porcupine Facts Scientific Name: Hystricidae and Erethizontidae. Answer: The African crested porcupine is the largest porcupine. Salt licks placed nearby can stop porcupine damage. Fun Porcupine Facts for Kids. Porcupines can live in a wide range of places in tropical and mild parts of Asia, Italy, Africa, and North and South America. The results are the same. Porcupines have about 30,000 quills. See the fact file below for more information on the porcupine or alternatively, you can download our 26-page Porcupine worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment. If a porcupine is in danger and can't run away, its quills will stick up, making it look much bigger. Each quill is hollow – it is yellowish in colour, with a black tip and is covered in tiny barbs. Porcupines are covered with as many as 30,000 quills. The correct term for a baby porcupine is a porcupette. Porcupine fish will also inflate with air if taken from the water. [2] The ancient belief that porcupines can throw their quills at an enemy has long been proved to be incorrect.[3][4]. Porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum) Species Code: ERDO Description: The porcupine is a medium-sized rodent, that is related to mice, rats and beavers. Old World porcupines (Hystricidae) have quills in clusters, whereas in New World porcupines (Erethizontidae) single quills are mixed with bristles, underfur, and hair. When threatened, the porcupine grunts, stamps its hind feet, and erects and rattles its quills in warning. Weighing between 12-35 pounds (5–16 kg), they are rounded, large and slow. A single porcupine can have more than 30,000 quills, which are actually sharp bristles of fused hair. That is why some of them are gray and others are brown. A porcupine is a rodent with a coat of sharp spines, or quills, that defend them from predators.The porcupines include the third biggest rodent, after the capybara, and beaver, and are not to be confused with hedgehogs.Most porcupines are about 60–90 cm long, with a 20–25 cm long tail. Morrisson, Philip; Morrisson, Phyllis (March 2001). The African crested porcupine is the largest porcupine. Porcupines climb trees to feed on nuts, bark and berries. The porcupine uses these quills for protection against predators. Weighing between 12-35 pounds (5–16 kg), they are rounded, large and slow. Weighing between 12-35 pounds (5–16 kg), they are rounded, large and slow. They are nocturnal, and forage alone before returning to a den where it resides during the day. An adult porcupine is about 50 cm long (20 inches), not counting the tail. Porcupines live in forests, deserts and grasslands. Most porcupines are about 60–90 cm long, with a 20–25 cm long tail. Porcupine fish grow up to three feet in length. Porcupines also eat soft plants and fruit. If a porcupine loses a quill, it grows a new one. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use Privacy Policy. https://www.reference.com/science/baby-porcupine-called-86e1b821d866e879, https://books.google.com/?id=Is0nAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA501, https://books.google.com/?id=MTA5AAAAMAAJ&pg=PA78, http://www.sciam.com/article.cfm?articleID=000B3425-FD09-1C70-84A9809EC588EF21, https://wiki.kidzsearch.com/w/index.php?title=Porcupine&oldid=5006784. A single animal may have 30,000 or more quills. The animal's quills or spines take on many forms, depending on the type, but all are hairs coated with thick plates of keratin, and they are in the skin musculature. Animals & Nature. Take the FREE & fun Porcupines quiz and download FREE Porcupines worksheet for kids. Is round and they will not use them by shooting them towards any location as the people think there some... Bryce and Mallory chat with Daniel about the porcupine is about 50 cm tail. Salt sources, their home Range can be removed very easily, and the white... 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Are fascinated by the mechanics of the porcupine uses them for its protection from predators Flipboard Email the... Of an adult porcupine is the third biggest rodent, after the,! Used by humans as an emergency food bottom of their feet have a large body that is and.